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 مصرفيTechnology-driven-delivery-channels

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مُساهمةموضوع: مصرفيTechnology-driven-delivery-channels   الجمعة أبريل 03, 2015 2:26 pm

The Impact of technology on the delivery of financial services

Advancement in technology have had a profound effect on the delivery of financial services over the last few decades, and the pace of change and level of impact is continually increasing.
Technology was first used as a means of reducing the cost of many routine processes, through centralization and automation. Now it provides a cost-effective and competitive solution to the delivery of products and communication with customers.


Technology-driven delivery method “Figure.6.1”

Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) automates routine services, increasing customer convenience and accessibility to financial institutions and providing an innovative method of communicating new products and services.
Electronic funds transfer at point of sale (EFTPOS) is a payment system, although it may be described as a delivery channel. Put the retailer in a stronger position in terms of money transmission and, through the provision of ‘cash back’ facilities. EFTPOS supports the use of smart cards



Telebanking, conducting one’s financial accounts over telephone. The level of interaction with customer tends to be even higher than the achievable for branch banking, at considerably lower cost. Most telebanking operations are now conducted independently of the branch network from remote call centers.
Online Banking, consisting of home banking and internet banking.
Smart cards can be used between individuals to exchange electronic cash or can interface with ATMs, telephones and retailers to credit and debit values.


Automatic Teller Machines

Early machines were largely cash-dispensing terminals which were originally put in place to reduce queues in branches at peak times, cut down the amount of paperwork and cash handling and free up staff time in branches.
For customers convenience ATM is located on an outside wall of the branch and out of restricted branch-opening times.
Two kinds of ATM: Single function cash dispensing, and Multi-functions offering customers the choice of balance enquiries, mini-statements, cheque book ordering services as well as accessing information on a range of other financial services.
ATM can be used as self service strategy and to cover a certain geographic area.


EFTPOS

Consumers were demanding easier methods of payment, retailers wanted to reduce the mount of cash in the payment system, financial institutions wanted to reduce the amount of cheque-based payments and technology suppliers obviously wanted an outlet for their product.


Telebanking
The cost advantages of telephone banking are very attractive when compared with the costs associated with a branch network. The cost of serving retail bank customers by telephone can be as little as 10 percent of the cost of similar transaction via a branch teller. For telephone services operated from call centers, there is an additional cost advantage. Many centers are located on out-of-town or edge of town warehouse style office accommodation which is plentiful and considerably cheaper than high street locations.


Telebanking systems can be operated via one of three main methods which differ in terms of the amount of technology involved:
Person-to-person
Tone/speech-based ( Push-button telephone and automated voice response)
Screen-based



Smart cards


Offer a variety of possible applications including payment functions, advanced identification of card holders, road pricing schemes, and retailer loyalty cards, as well as electronic cash.
The card uses a microchip instead of the magnetic stripe which is currently used in debit and credit cards and many other plastic cards on the market.
Advantages of using microchip:
1- increased amounts of data to be stored on the card (holding 100 times the data held on normal magnetic-stripe cards)
2- allows the data to be accessed and processed remotely as well as online-payment system.
3- is more secured than the magnetic stripe as the technology required to read data on a chip. Has the potential to reduce fraud in payment systems.




Widespread adoption has been slow as a result of the lack of a suitable infrastructure. In order to be fully operated, the smart card requires the involvement of several parties which include: technology suppliers, financial institutions, retailers and consumers.
Smart cards functioning as electronic purses can be designed in one of two completely different ways:
1- They can be designed to be cleared through the banking system, thus preventing them from being passed between people in the same way as physical cash is.
2- They can be designed to be more cash-like, essentially bypassing the clearing system. With this option banks face the risk of disintermediation and being rendered obsolete


On-line banking

Home Banking services include: the ability to check account balances, view transactions records and account history, pay bills, apply for other services, communicate with the financial institution, and transfer money instantly between accounts.
Internet Banking: the same kind of services with devices connected to internet.
Page 171. changes have happened to businesses due to the widespread of internet.

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